4 Towing Myths Debunked

Flatbed Wrecker

With regards to towing organizations, they frequently get unjustifiably awful notoriety dependent on myths and misconceptions that are false. Auto towing organizations’ essential employment is to assist with the rightful focus being on the customers we help, not with the money we are able to collect. Below, we’ll discuss some of the common towing myths regarding the towing industry, despite some companies prioritizing the need for income over their own customers.

Myth 1. You Will Get Overcharged​

Perhaps the greatest fear about hiring a towing organization after you experience a problem with your vehicle is that they are going to exploit your vulnerable and defenseless state and cheat you when you are needing help. This isn’t accurate. Unfortunately, there are companies out there who focus on money, and they may try to provide services that people may not need. This has raised a misconception about others in the industry, but not all companies act this way.

Like many towing organizations, Evansville Towing offers reasonable costs, and for the most part, has a charge plan that we stick to when times get rough. The towing organization can furnish you with their expense plan so you can see that you are being charged a reasonable cost. In many other situations, there are companies that offer different plans that charge you each month for services that you may never even use. Finding a towing company that works to help you when you need it and only charge you that one time can be very helpful in saving time and money in a situation in which you are already needing to pay for repairs to your vehicle.

Myth 2. You Can’t Afford a Tow Truck Service

Second, numerous individuals expect that you should pay money forthright. Tow truck organizations comprehend that you are in a crisis circumstance and more than likely don’t have the money for the tow available. Many towing organizations are understanding to your conditions. Many towing organizations may require a deposit when they pick you up and charge you as time goes by. They will work with you to discover a path for you to get the assistance you need.

It can be difficult to get through this time if you’re unsure of your financial abilities, but working with a tow company that offers reasonable pricing and potentially accepts credit cards can be helpful in your situation. Talk to the tow truck company you decide to hire to learn about the various options you have to pay them. Of course, you want this to be a consideration whenever you make your decision because it’s already hard enough to deal with some of the problems that may arise with your vehicle.

​Myth 3. You Have to Wait for Daylight

Third, numerous individuals wrongly accept that you will need to trust that sunshine all together will get help. Be that as it may, this isn’t correct. Towing organizations work nonstop. They realize that a towing crisis can occur whenever and are accessible to help you nonstop. You can’t always predict when you’ll have a problem with your vehicle, thus you may find yourself on the side of the road, even at the worst of hours. While this may be an unfortunate situation, you need to find a company that offers around-the-clock service so no matter what time you experience your problems, you may still get the help you need.

On the off chance that you find yourself broken down within a close radius around the area of the towing company, you may even be able to receive service within just an hour. On the off chance that you find your vehicle broken down during terrible climate, it might take more time for the towing organization to get to you, or on the off chance that you break down outside of the typical service area, you need to feel comfortable that you can get to a towing company as quickly as possible.

Myth 4. You Have to Be Broken Down in a Good Location

At long last, a few people expect that you must be stalled out and about in a simple to-arrive in the area. In any case, there are towing organizations that can help with a wide range of difficult conditions. For instance, on the off chance that you have a 4×4 that is stalled in the mud, a towing organization can work to provide the various trucks and methods to get your vehicle out of the mud. In some situations, you may find yourself crashed on the side of the road, and it’s vital to have a tow truck company that can work with you to help you out of a difficult situation. Simply let the towing organization know and understand what sort of circumstance you are in, and they will send the correct assets to get you out.

Towing organizations are good organizations that need to work with and help their clients. They have an expensive plan that they base their value on, and they will work with you on installment plans. They will likewise attempt to get to you as quickly as you can when you need their assistance.

It is this same focus that we have at Embry’s Towing, allowing us to provide you with the highest level of service possible. We focus solely on helping individuals in a time of great need, working quickly to help individuals through some of the most complicated situations. Our team is aware that it can be difficult to endure any breakdown, so we’ll do what we can to work with you through it and help you get the outcome you need.

Evansville Towing is a family-owned and operated company that has spent more than two decades helping those in need. Our focus always has and will always remain on those who we promise to help. Whether you need help with affording the cost of a tow or you need help with a fix at the site of the breakdown, you can count on our team.

Why won’t my car start?

Why won't my car start

Imagine the feeling of going to your car, expecting it to crank right up so that you can be on your way, and you discover it will not start. It can be a scary and dreadful feeling. Or perhaps you are experiencing that as you read this looking for an answer. Well, I intend on giving you some things that you can check on before you call a tow truck or a mechanic in the information that follows:

Is the car making a clinking sound?

If you are trying to start your car and you hear a clicking noise, this indicates that your battery is dead. Make sure your headlights, interior lights, radio, and air conditioning are turned off. Next, make sure your battery terminals are tight on the battery.  Let the car sit for a minute or so and try it again. If it doesn’t start and is still clicking you will need to get a jump-start or a new battery. If you have a manual transmission and are on a hill, you can carefully attempt to roll it and pop out the clutch to push start it.

Does the engine turn over but does not start?

If your engine turns over but does not start, make sure your air filter is clean and make sure you have gasoline in your tank. It is possible you are not getting a spark to your plugs. If you are able, you can check your spark plugs for a spark. If you are still unable to get it to start you will need professional advice.

Does your car start for a moment and then shut off?

If you have an older model car that has a carburetor, you can check the choke on the carburetor to ensure it is opening and closing.  If your car is fuel injected you will need professional advice.

Do you have trouble getting your car to start on cold days?

Like the last situation, if you have trouble starting your car in cold weather if you have a carburetor again make sure the choke on the carburetor is opening and closing. But if you have a fuel-injected automobile you will likely need to have a mechanic look at it.

Do you have trouble starting your car on rainy days?

If you have trouble starting your car on rainy days you may need to check the inside of the distributor cap for moisture. If you do find moisture, turn it upside down sprat it with WD-40 or some type of solvent, and wipe it out. Then replace the cap and attempt to start the car again.

Tips For Towing A Travel Trailer

Tips For Towing A Travel Trailer

It’s usually pretty easy to tow a travel trailer. This blog will give you the basics you will need to know for your first trip. Towing a travel trailer is scary, to begin with. The more trips you take the more comfortable and confident you will get.

Being Prepared

There are a few things you can do to make sure you have a good trip before you ever leave home. Being prepared will make sure you have very little challenges on the road. This should give you peace of mind while traveling.

Hitch Your Vehicle Correctly

Always make sure you are safely hitched. For details on getting a safe and secure connection check out our guide to safe hitching and unhitching. There are a few basics which include making sure your hitch is on, locked in, and the cables are connected and working. Weight distribution is also something you want to pay attention to. When looking at your trailer and tow vehicle make sure there is a flat plane between the two.
If either is tipping towards or away from the hitch you are not balanced well. If you are not balanced this can cause the trailer to sway. We will discuss this further in the driving section of this article. You can go to a truck scale and have them measure the weight on your tires for the most accurate weight distribution check. You can still generally get a good feel of the weight distribution by eyeballing it as long as you are parked on a flat surface.

Check Your Visibility

Your rearview will always be limited to the side mirrors of your tow vehicle unless you have a rearview camera. You always need to be able to see the rear end of your trailer through both side mirrors. If this view is too limited for you, you can always purchase side mirror extensions. These will not only give you a wide-angle view but also your normal view. These are made for towing.

Check Your Brakes and Brake Controller

The brake controller turns on the trailer brakes when you use your tow vehicle brakes. Always make sure your brake controller is configured correctly before you leave on your trip. There are settings that control how hard the trailer brakes are applied. You can test it by accelerating to 10 mph and applying the brakes normally. You should be able to feel a tiny tug from the trailer as you come to a full stop. If you don’t feel the tug or feel the trailer pushing you then you need to set the brake controller higher. Turn the controller down lower if your stop is jerky.

The Ideal setting is having the trailer brake a little more than your tow vehicle. This will give you the fastest and smoothest stop by keeping the trailer from pushing forward during braking.  The trailer pushing forward while braking can cause you to jackknife.

Know Your Height

Always know the height of your trailer. Once you know your height add afoot to it to be on the safe side. You don’t want to hit a low clearance bridge.

Know Your Route

Always have your route mapped out before you leave to avoid any confusion. While towing a trailer it is harder to make course corrections or maneuvers in traffic. It is especially harder on narrow roads or urban areas.

It is recommended to have a navigation system that has a trailer or RV option. Having this option helps with avoiding low bridges and keeping you off narrow one-way roads. It will also give you the proper speed for your type of vehicle. The navigation system will also help in mapping out a good route to travel.

Driving Your Trailer

Diving a trailer is pretty easy. Your trailer will naturally follow you, as long as your tow vehicle is rated to tow your trailer. It will not be hard to travel up hills, brake, or anything else you do while driving. There are always some challenges or dangers while towing a travel trailer. Some of those are listed below.

Turning

Turning is easier than you would think. Your trailer will follow your path naturally. The one rule is the longer your trailer the wider your turn. If you don’t turn wide enough a longer trailer can cut a corner that was close by the vehicle. With almost any right angle if you keep your turn as wide as the roadway allows you should be fine. As far as curves and round-a-bouts they are normally easy to navigate. If a turn is sharper than 90 degrees it can be an issue. Always try to avoid these turns if possible. If the turn can’t be avoided make sure to turn as wide as possible. Trying to back up to get more room to turn will most likely not work with a trailer. It is pretty difficult to back a trailer. Also never take a turn too fast. A trailer has a higher center of gravity than a regular vehicle. A higher center of gravity means a turn at a high rate of speed could tip a trailer but be perfectly fine for other vehicles. Just make sure to obey speed limits and take your turns slow and steady. 

Backing Up

Backing up is not very easy. It becomes even harder the bigger the trailer is. I recommend practicing where there is nothing to back into before trying it out for real. It takes practice backing a trailer before it starts to feel natural. Nothing about backing a trailer is intuitive. I would recommend you read our article on pro tips for backing up a trailer complete with diagrams, techniques, and advice. I would try my best to avoid any situation that you have to back up under pressure. The pressure and stress will make it harder to back up with making an error. 

Hills

Mountain passes and steep hills can be hard for some trailers. If you are close to your maximum tow rating, it can get a little difficult. But if you know what you are doing it is usually not an issue. Just make sure that if you are going slow uphill you keep to the far right. You might want to turn your hazard lights on if you are going under the speed limit. It is more dangerous to going downhill. As long as you are safe there should not be a problem going downhill. It is good to practice your engine braking if your tow vehicle is capable. To try engine braking put your vehicle in low gear and take your foot off of the accelerator. Mechanical resistance will slow your roll downhill while the drivetrain will run your engine. This will help the wear and tear on your brakes and help control your speed. If you are on a steep grade you may still need to use your brakes. Make sure not to brake too hard while in a turn going down a hill. Braking too hard can cause your trailer to jackknife. Make sure you are going into your turn at a slow rate of speed than either maintain that speed or gently decelerate. The key to safety in this situation is steady controlled speed. 

Braking

Always remember that when towing a trailer your stopping distance is longer. You will want to make sure you leave a good distance between you and the car in front of you. You want to have lots of room to stop. Never trust the intuition you have driving a smaller vehicle.

Trailer Sway

When towing a travel trailer, trailer sway is one of the dangers. A tow vehicle and a trailer wiggling back and forth are called trailer sway. This happens when something pushes on the trailer then the trailer pushes on the tow vehicle. The swaying motion will get stronger and stronger until it causes a crash. 

The best way to avoid trailer sway is to avoid it ever happening to begin with. As discussed earlier to avoid swaying is to make sure your combined weight is distributed evenly. When weight distribution is off it lowers traction and amplifies the swaying. You also do not want to drive in high winds. The trailer is bigger than your tow vehicle so the wind doesn’t push evenly on them. Because of this the trailer will move more and start to sway. The bigger your trailer the more it will be moved by the wind. Never drive too fast. The faster you drive the more your trailer will sway and the harder it will be to control the sway. 

The hardest sway to avoid is other vehicles passing your trailer at a high rate of speed. If this happens do not try to correct it by counter steering. This makes the sway faster. Just stay calm and get your tow vehicle and trailer going in a straight line.

Stop Swaying

The best way to stop swaying is to use the manual trailer brake on your brake controller. This will force them into a straight line by engaging the brakes and pulling back on the tow vehicle. I would practice this type of braking in a parking lot. Practice will help you execute it calmly and you’ll know what it feels like. This is actually very jarring. You can use regular brakes with success if you have your brake controller set so it applies brakes a little stronger than your tow vehicle brakes. If someone is close behind you and you can’t brake you can temporarily hit the gas while steering straight ahead. Doing this will cause the tow vehicle to yank the trailer straight. The only problem with this method is the faster you go the stronger the swaying can become making the situation worse. Just keep this option available in case you need it. Travel Trailers are great to have because you can take the tow vehicle where you can’t take the trailer.

Keeping Right

In almost every state larger and slower-moving vehicles are required to travel in the right lanes of the highway. One problem this can cause is it is harder to merge with traffic when it is necessary. Many drivers that don’t tow trailers do not understand you’re limited with your acceleration and deceleration. You can use the next lane to the left to keep from having to merge so often.

You can watch the commercial truck drivers around you and follow their lead. Commercial truck drivers travel these roads daily and know the smoothest travel lanes and laws.

Take It Easy

It is always more important to arrive alive than on time. I tell all drivers this but it needs to be stressed when towing a trailer. Excessive speed can be bad in any vehicle but it is especially bad while towing a trailer. Speed can cause trailer sway and make any situation even more difficult. All trailers have a speed at which it becomes unsafe. Always stay safe and drive at a safe speed. Even if you feel like you are driving too slow and holding up traffic, do not drive faster then you feel is safe. You can always pull over and let the other motorist pass. If you have a long line of vehicles behind you it is usually the law for you to pull over. It is usually a 5 car rule. If there are five or more cars behind you you should pull over. 

When it is time for you to change lanes or make a turn make sure you give the other drivers enough time to react to you by using your signals early. You can now tow a travel trailer with ease. Have a safe trip.

Towing Mistakes you want to Avoid

No Matter what you are hauling, boats, travel trailers, or even horses, there are common towing mistakes you need to avoid. Not only will you enjoy your trip a lot more but so will other motorists traveling around you. 

Tips For Towing A Travel Trailer

1. Not knowing your ratings

Know the maximum weight of your tow vehicle. A tow vehicle or the vehicle you are towing with can only carry and haul a certain amount of weight. Overloading your tow vehicle, trailer, or both can cause a great number of problems. Some of the problems can be blown-out tires, broken suspension, brakes failing, or your transmission overheating. Some of these can be very dangerous and none of these make happy travelers. 

Always remember to check your tow ratings for your tow vehicle before you tow anything. Also, make sure you have the correct hitch system for your vehicle’s towing specifics. Make sure all numbers are checked and complied with. You can find your vehicle’s towing specifics either in your owner’s manual or the sill of your driver’s side door. You can find your trailer’s base weight and weight ratings on your VIN plate.

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)

Maximum weight for your vehicle. This includes the vehicle, cargo, all accessories, and passengers.

Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR)

The combined weight limit of your tow vehicle, loaded trailer, fuel, equipment, passengers, and anything else you are hauling.

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)

The maximum weight an axle can safely hold. It is very important to know the GAWR for your tow vehicle and trailer.

Towing Compacity

Total weight your vehicle can pull.

Tongue Weight

The trailer’s weight is held by the trailer hitch. The tongue weight should ideally be 10% of the total trailer weight. If the tongue weight is too high your vehicle’s steering will be less responsive. If the tongue weight is too little your trailer could sway. You can measure tongue weight on a specialized scale. You can purchase this scale at a trailer supply shop. You can also take your loaded vehicle to a weigh station or truck stop close by if you are having trouble estimating the combined weight of your trailer with the cargo. 

2. Not checking the local regulations

Towing laws and restrictions differ from state to state. Some states require special breaking equipment and/or more side and rearview mirrors.

State regulation and laws also differ on things such as maximum towing speeds, the number of vehicles you can tow, or the width of your trailer. Always check your route and know the laws for all states you are traveling through.

3. Forgetting to put on the brakes ( and the wires)

Because of the extra weight on your trailer, it takes longer to stop. Because of this most states require the trailer to be equipped with a separate braking system when the trailer is over 1,500 pounds. When a trailer has a separate braking system it improves control and will stop the trailer if it gets separated from the tow vehicle. There are 2 types of trailer brakes. Electric that are attached to a controller in the tow vehicle and surge which are independent hydraulic brakes activated by momentum. Check your local laws because not all states allow surge brakes.

Federal law requires all trailers to be equipped with reflectors, turn signals, taillights, and brake lights. All of these are powered by connecting to your tow vehicles’ electrical system. When connecting the wires make sure they are tight enough not to drag on the road and loose enough not to disconnect when you turn.

4. Loading your cargo improperly

Your trailer will be difficult to control if it is off balance. 60% of your total weight should be in front of the axle (not too far forward). Make sure to secure your cargo so it doesn’t shift. Make sure to keep the overall center of gravity low. 

5. Forgetting you’re towing a trailer

Always remember your tow vehicle will be less responsive while towing a trailer. You will want to make sure you give yourself extra time and space to slow down or change lanes. Also remember you want to be able to brake, turn, or accelerate as fast as usual. Maybe do a few short practice drives before leaving on your trip.

6. Not checking tire pressure

When you haven’t taken your trailer out in a while it probably needs air in the tires. Underinflated tires with a fully loaded trailer are very dangerous. Tire blowouts and rollovers can be caused by underinflated tires. Before you take your trip make sure to check your tire pressure on your tow vehicle and trailer. You also want to check your tires for wear and tear. 

Check Your Coverage Capacity

Always make sure you have adequate insurance. You can get basic liability coverage through your auto insurance policy. You can also get travel trailer insurance which offers much broader coverage. The coverage can include total loss recovery, funds for lodging if your trailer is damaged, personal effects replacement, and/or a full-timers package. 

Different Towing Methods

Towing a vehicle isn’t as simple as some people might think. But, it is actually a complex process and shouldn’t be attempted by an untrained amateur. The first step to towing a vehicle correctly and safely is making sure that the safest towing method is used for the situation and type of vehicle that is needing to be towed. Below are the main types of towing that towing companies utilize to tow a vehicle safely. 

 

  • Flatbed Towing
  • Hook & Chain Towing
  • Wheel Lift Towing
  • Towing with a Dolly
Towing Mistakes you want to Avoid

Flatbed Towing

Flatbed towing is the most common type of towing for most towing companies. It’s versatile enough to be able to tow cars, motorcycles, SUVs, and other types of medium-duty vehicles. A flatbed towing truck has a long flatbed that is lowered and raised by hydraulics. A vehicle can be driven up onto the bed or can easily be winched up the bed. Flatbed Tow trucks are often the Towing type of choice because it is versatile enough for a wide range of vehicle types without causing additional damage to the vehicle. 

Flatbed towing is the most common type of towing for most towing companies. It’s versatile enough to be able to tow cars, motorcycles, SUVs, and other types of medium-duty vehicles. A flatbed towing truck has a long flatbed that is lowered and raised by hydraulics. A vehicle can be driven up onto the bed or can easily be winched up the bed. Flatbed Tow trucks are often the Towing type of choice because it is versatile enough for a wide range of vehicle types without causing additional damage to the vehicle. 

Hook & Chain Towing

Hook & chain towing was the most common type of Tow truck years ago. But because it puts a lot of pressure on the vehicle that is being towed it is mainly used for towing junk cars. Also, hook and chain towing cannot be used with 4×4 vehicles because it can damage the drive-train.

Wheel Lift Towing

Wheel lift towing uses a tow truck with a hydraulic boom and a crossbar at the end. The bar is slipped under the wheels in the front or the rear of the vehicle, depending on the car’s transmission, and lifts two of the wheels off the ground so that it can be towed. This system is used with smaller vehicles that are lighter and are 2 wheel drive. This setup is useful in tight spaces where a flatbed truck would have a harder time loading the vehicle. 

Towing with a Dolly

A towing Dolly is attached to the back of a truck and can be used for light and medium-duty vehicles. It is important that the driver of the truck with the dolly is familiar with towing trailers wheel towing with a dolly. The vehicle is carried in the dolly with 2 of the wheels a few inches off the ground. 

For your towing needs in and around Evansville, Indiana call Embry’s Towing at (930) 201-8645

The Top 9 Rules of High-Mileage Auto Maintenance

Americans are keeping their vehicles much longer and also driving further than in the past. Today, the average age of cars on the road is greater than 9 years as well as more than 68 percent of automobiles have more than 75,000 miles. As a vehicle’s engine ages, its efficiency reduces and oil begins to break down at a much faster pace. Over time, seals begin to degrade, gaskets become brittle and oil consumption rises – all causing a decrease in engine efficiency. Treating your high-mileage car with a little  Care as well as continually adhering to the 9 policies for high-mileage vehicle maintenance will help your vehicle last longer and run more efficiently. Utilizing premium motor oil specifically formulated for higher-mileage cars will aid a higher-mileage vehicle run better.

Rule #1

Make certain you change your oil every three months or 3,000 miles– whichever comes first. No exemptions. Think about your engine as the heart of your automobile and motor oil as the blood of the engine. One can’t operate without the other, so remain on top of your oil-change schedule.

Rule #2

Find a reliable auto mechanic. Find a shop staffed by ASE-certified technicians (that’s the National Institute for Automotive Solution Excellence) if you don’t do your own maintenance. An excellent auto mechanic will listen to your questions as well as explain procedures plainly.

Rule #3

Has your tire pressure checked at least once a month? It’s the best way to avoid an unanticipated emergency. Any tire shop can quickly as well as conveniently do the check. Make sure to rotate your tires as well and check their alignment as a component of routine maintenance (or with every other oil change).

Rule #4

Pay attention to warning lights. Vehicles, like people, have their peculiarities as well as you are sure to promptly learn what is normal for yours.

Rule #5

Take notice of exterior signs. If your car or truck is leaking liquids, it can imply a major problem. Keep an eye on the conditions of your driveway or garage for stains or spots that can warn you of any possible leaks. High Mileage motor oil has unique conditioners that assist protecting and keeping seals from going bad, consequently aiding to lower leakage. A typical issue in older, higher-mileage engines. Also if your high-mileage automobile appears fine, that’s no guarantee it is.

Rule #6

Prepare your auto for the seasons. Preparing your high-mileage auto to protect against the components will certainly reduce its opportunities of needing repairs as well as save you money in the long run. 

Rule #7

Check your fluids consistently. It threatens your high-mileage vehicle to get low on fluids, so be sure to watch the crucial fluids. Simply lift the hood. Use the dipstick to inspect the oil level; a quick glance at the reservoir tank will let you know if you need more antifreeze.

Rule #8

Store it properly. Storing your car in a dry, warm area when it is not in use will certainly protect against dreadful damage on both its exterior and interior. Garage your automobile whenever feasible to safeguard its appearance.

Rule #9

Airbags, anti-lock breaks and any kind of other extra security features that you might have included in your car should be carefully checked on a normal basis (when your cars and truck has a tune-up) to make certain that in case of a mishap, they will execute their vital, life-saving features.

Tips on how to change a tire

Tips on how to change a tire

It’s important to know how to change a tire correctly. There is always a chance that you won’t be able to rely on your cell phone to call for help for a roadside emergency. Your battery could be dead on your phone, you could forget it altogether or it’s possible you could be in a dead zone without a signal. A flat tire can happen anywhere. But its ok, because changing a tire is not that difficult. Below we have put together some simple to follow guidelines for changing a tire and some safety precautions you should take note of in case you find yourself with a flat.​

Items you’ll need to change a flat tire

You should be able to find these items in your vehicle:

  1. Tire Jack
  2. Lug Wrench
  3. Spare Tire

If for some reason you cannot find these items in your car they should be purchased immediately. Also from time to time, you should check the tire pressure to your spare time, to make sure it is properly inflated. Ideally, you should check all of your tires Air pressure about once a month, including the spare, or before you take an extended car trip or attempt to carry an extra heavy load.

There are a few more items you should consider keeping in your vehicle at all times in case of an emergency situation

 

  1. Flashlight with working batteries
  2. Poncho or Rain Suit
  3. A thick Block of wood to secure the jack if needed like a cut off a piece of a 2×6
  4. A Pair of Gloves
  5. Tire Chocks ​

How to change a flat tire

1. PICK A SAFE LOCATION
The moment you realize you may have a flat tire, do not panic and make any abrupt turns or harsh braking. Slowly reduce your speed and start looking for a safe place to pull over with level ground or a parking lot. Do not attempt to pull over in a curvy road or a road without an adequate shoulder for you to get out of the way of traffic. Even though driving on a flat tire could potentially harm your rim, it is worth it to not get hit by a car that is not paying attention.

2. TURN ON YOUR HAZARD LIGHTS
Turn on your hazard light as soon as you think there may be a problem and leave them on for the duration of the time that you are on the side of the road to alert drivers passing by of your location.

3. USE THE PARKING BRAKE
This is a step that can easily be overlooked but is extremely important. The parking brake helps ensure that after the vehicle is lifted in the air, it does not roll off the jack. Even on level ground if you apply enough pressure to the tire jack you could inadvertently apply pressure to the vehicle that would cause it to roll.

4. CHOCK THE TIRES
Wheel chocks are an additional step towards preventing the vehicle from rolling. They should be positioned on the front and back of a tire on the opposite side of the car. Meaning if the flat is in the back, chock a tire in the front of the vehicle. Or vise versa. Adversely, if you do not have chocks available you can use a couple of large rocks or bricks as long as they are big enough to block the car from rolling over them.

5. REMOVE THE HUBCAP
It’s important to take care of steps 5 and 6 before lifting the vehicle or you may end up wasting time and having to lower the vehicle to remove the tire. If your flat tire has a hubcap covering the lug nuts it will need to be removed. Depending on the style of hubcap it may require that you remove it by using the lug wrench to unscrew the plastic lug nut covers to be able to remove the hubcap. Typically you can remove the hubcap by using the flat end of the lug wrench to pry it off at this point. You may have to consult the owner’s manual if it appears to require a different method of removal. 

6. LOOSEN THE LUG NUTS
Using the Lug wrench place it on the lug nuts of the flat tire and one by one, break them loose but do not remove them yet. Turn them about a ½ to a full turn in a counter-clockwise direction. This may require you to use all of your body weight to break them loose. Apply pressure to the outermost part of the lug wrench to take advantage of all of the leverage the lug wrench has to offer.

7. JACK UP THE FLAT TIRE
To properly lift you may need to consult the owner’s manual. But some vehicles make it pretty obvious where the intended correct position of the jack is. Once you have determined the correct position of the jack if you have a thick block of wood its best to prevent the jack from settling but using the block of wood under the jack. Slowly raise the flat tire off the ground until it raises off the ground a few inches. Never put any part of your body underneath the vehicle. 

8. REMOVE THE FLAT TIRE
It is now time to remove the lug nuts and the flat tire. Since you loosened them earlier, you should be able to remove them by hand at this point. Remove the flat tire and safely position it somewhere will it not roll away.
.
9. PUT ON THE SPARE TIRE
Now it is time to put the spare tire on the vehicle. LIft and rotate it slowly until the lug bolts are all through the wheel. Thread the lug bolts on by hand and tighten them all the way down by hand.

10. LOWER THE VEHICLE AND TIGHTEN THE LUG NUTS
Slowly lower the vehicle using the jack, and remove the jack and the block if you were using a block to prevent settling. Now, fully tighten the lug nuts using the lug wrench and the full weight of your body. Replace the hub cap if applicable. Double-check the air pressure in the spare tire to make sure it is safe to drive on.

11. STORE AWAY ALL EQUIPMENT
Remove the wheel chocks and place all equipment in your vehicle wherever you store your equipment.   

12. TAKE YOUR FLAT TIRE TO A TIRE SHOP
Temporary spare tires are not intended to be driven for long distances or high speeds. You do not want to be stuck on the side of the road without a spare tire. As soon as possible make sure to take the flat tire to a mechanic or tire shop for evaluation.​